India – Size and Location class 9

In this article we will discuss about the India – Size and Location with the world perspective……here i will provide you the notes of NCERT class 9 geography Chapter 1……so Let’s start


It is a large country and the ancient civilisations in the world. It has moved forward, displaying remarkable progress in the field of agriculture, industry, technology and overall economic development. India has also contributed significantly to the making of world history

In this chapter you will learn about the India’s Size and its Location with World Perspective, standard meridian, India’s contact with the world through the International Highway of Trade and Commerce and India’s neighbours.


  • India is lying entirely in the Northern Hemisphere.
  • The land extends between latitudes 8°4’N and 37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E.
  • The Tropic of Cancer (23° 30’N) divides India into almost two equal parts.
  • The Tropic of Cancer passes through 8 states (Gujrat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, and Mizorum )
  • The northernmost point of India is Indira Col .
  • The southernmost point in India is Indira Point on Nicobar Island (submerged in seawater in 2004 Tsunami).
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands in Bay of Bengal & Lakshadweep Islands in Arabian Sea are the two Island of India.


  • India Covering an area of 3.28 million square kilometres (2.4% of the world ).
  • India is the 7th Largest country of the world. ( Russia,Canada, USA, China, Brazil, Australia, respectively )
  • India has a land boundary of about 15,200 km.
  • The total length of the coastline of the mainland is 7,516.6 km including Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep.
  • India is bounded by the mountains in the northwest, north and northeast.
  • Around 22°N latitude, India  begins to taper and extends towards the Indian Ocean, dividing it into two seas, the Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on its east.
  • Latitudinal and Longitudinal extend of the mainland is about 30°
  • There is a time lag between Gujrat and Arunachal Pradesh is 2 hours.
  • The 82°30’E is Indian Standard Meridian taken as the Standard Time for India passes through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh.
  • The ISM passes through Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana.
  • The length of India from East to West is 2933 km.
  • The length of India from  North to South is 3214 km

India and the World

india and the world
india and the world
  • The Indian landmass has a central location between the East and West Asia.
  •  India is a southward extension of the Asian continent.
  • The trans-Indian Ocean routes connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of East Asia.
  • India’s coastline is as long as that of the Indian Ocean; almost no other country has it.
  • The route which passes through India have contributed in the exchange of Ideas and Commodities.
  • The spices, muslin and other merchandise were taken from India to different countries
  • The influence of Greek sculpture and the architectural styles of domes and minarets from West Asia can be seen in different parts of India.

India’s Neighbours

  • India has 28 states and eight Union Territories.
  • India shares its land boundaries with:

1. Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest

2. China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan in the north

3. Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east

  • The southern neighbours across the sea consist of the two island countries, Sri Lanka and Maldives.
  • India has had strong geographical and historical links with her neighbours.

We hope India – Size and Locations helped you in your studies.

Frequently Asked Questions on  India – Size and Location


What is the name of the Indian landform?

India is of a peninsular form as it is surrounded by water from 3 sides.


When was the Indian landform formed?

Indian landform is said to have formed about 140 million years ago.


How many states and union territories are present in India?

India consists of 28 States and 8 Union Territories.

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